PREVALENSI KEKERASAN TERHADAP ANAK LAKI-LAKI DAN ANAK PEREMPUAN DI INDONESIA

Abstract

Salah satu tujuan dari survey kekerasan terhadap anak adalah untuk mendapatkan prevalensi kekerasan terhadap anak. Dengan metode yang kuat dan pemilihan responden yang memadai, ditujukan untuk mendapatkan pengalaman kekerasan terhadap anak sebelum umur 18 tahun dan pengalaman setahun yang lalu. Alasan mendapatkan prevalensi, karena selama ini kebijakan dan program Perlindungan anak  berdasarkan pada laporan kasus, yang kurang dapat dipertanggung jawabkan secara metodologi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa anak laki-laki memiliki kerentanan menjadi korban kekerasan, daripada perempuan, baik pengalaman kekerasan overlap yakni kekerasan baik fisik/emosi/seksual maupun kekerasan fisik itu sendiri. Hal tersebut dapat diperbandingkan dengan hasil kajian terkait lainnya yang dilaksanakan di Indonesia maupun survey sejenis yang dilakukan di Tanzania. Pelaku tindak kekerasan anak adalah orang terdekat dengan anak. Untuk mengoptimalkan hasil prevalensi kekerasan terhadap anak, maka dapat merekomendasikan data prevelensi ini sebagai bagian dari Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah (RPJMN) tahun 2015-2019, sehingga dapat menjadi dasar untuk melakukan penelitian lanjutan terkait kekerasan terhadap anak secara lebih mendalam. Kata kunci: Kekerasan, anak, prevalensi. AbstractOne of the purposes of the survey of violence against children is to get the prevalence of violence against children. With a powerful method and an adequate selection of respondents, intended to gain experience of violence against children before the age of 18 years and the experience of a year ago. Reasons gain prevalence, because during this time the child protection policies and programs based on case reports, the less can be justified by the methodology. The results showed that the boy has a vulnerability to violence, rather than women, both the experience of abuse overlap the violence both in physical / emotional / sexual or physical violence itself. It can be compared with the results of other relevant studies conducted in Indonesia as well as a similar survey conducted in Tanzania. Perpetrators, children are those closest to the child. To optimize the results of the prevalence of violence against children, it can recommend this prevalence of data as part of the Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) from 2015 to 2019, so it can be the basis for conducting advanced research related to violence against children in more depth. Keywords: Violence, children, the prevalence.
https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v6i3.740
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