PERAN PEKERJA SOSIAL PROFESIONAL DALAM PENANGANAN ABH DI LPKS
AbstractThe child has a strategic role for the survival of mankind, the nation and the State. In theConstitution are listed, that the State guarantees the right of every child (i.c. including ABH)on survival, grow and develop as well as protection from violence and discrimination. Themain principles of the protection of Children, must be in accordance with the Convention onthe rights of the child (Convention on the Rights of the Child) as it has been ratified by theGovernment of the Republic of Indonesia by Presidential Decree Number 36-year 1990. ACTnumber 3 of the year 1997 concerning juvenile court, intended to protect the child in order toface the future and give the opportunity to the children to acquire self-reliance, independent,responsible after undergoing criminal period. But in practice, the child is positioned as anobject, the wrong treatment that is often detrimental to the rights of the child. In addition,in the settlement of the problem through a process of ABH is only done in the Court oflaw enforcement agencies (litigation). With the enactment of LAW number 11 Year 2012of SPPA (as a replacement Act number 3 of the year 1997), then fundamentally broughtsignificant changes in the process of handling the issue of ABH. These changes, amongothers, provide a space for civic engagement/non formal figures and related agencies (otherthan law enforcement agencies) in the process of problem solving ABH. In substansu theACT also required the SPPA to law enforcement agencies (Police, Judges, and Kejaksanaan)to complete the criminal children outside of the judicial process (versioned) and justicebasedapproach deliberations (Restorative Justice), as stated in section 7 of the ACT SPPA.In the process of diversion, the parties that should be involved, namely: 1) the child andthe parent/guardian, 2) victims and/or parent/guardian, 3) Supervisorâ€™s community, and 4)Professional social worker).
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Undang Undang Dasar Negara Republik
Indonesia Tahun 1945
Undang Undang RI. Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 dan telah diperbaiki dengan Undang Undang RI. Nomor 35 Tahun 2014
tentang Perlindungan Anak.
Undang Undang RI. Nomor 11 Tahun 2012 Tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak (SPPA)
Keputusan Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara Nomor: KEP/03/M.PAN/1/2004 Tentang Jabatan Fungsional Pekerja
Sosial dan Angka Kreditnya.