Refugees Repatriation Process to The Country of Origin
AbstractRefugees is a polsekbud phenomenon involving the fleeing of myriad of people with heterogeneous ethnic and cultural in country of origin to another country by their own facet of lives. This research is motivated by the desire to find how the process of return refugees to their country of origin.This research is a kind of library research in which combined between quantitative and qualitative approach complementary. Research findings indicate the global number of refugees in period of years 1993-2013 is fluctuative. The global number of refugees experiencing important decreases during 2007-2011 were 0.1 percent, 1.2 percent, 2percent, 2.1 percent and 2.2 percent respectively. While in 2012 and 2013 has risen to 13 percent and 17 percent respectively. Major countries of origins of refugees were Afghanistan, Sudan, Burundi, Republic. Democratic of Congo, Palestine, Somalia, Vietnam, Liberia, and Angola. Most of these refugees tend to move across relatively short distances, finding primarily asylum in their neighbouring countries. In the year 2001-2007, major countries of asylum of refugees were Pakistan, Rep. Islamic of Iran, Rep. Arab Syria, Germany, Jordania, Republic. United of Tanzania, and Chad. Refugees mainly were womens, children, toddler, and older people. There were 51 percent for women refugees, children age less than 18 years old were 10 percent, toddler 10 percent, and older people 7 percent. The process of international refugee return to the country of origin is influenced by two factors, internal factors such as information obtained about the condition of their country origin and external factors such as the condition of the country of asylum.
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