Perbandingaan Kebahagiaan Berdasarkan pada Perbedaan Gender dan Status Pernikahan

Authors

  • Kusumasari Kartika Hima Darmayanti Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9096-5599
  • Imammul Insan Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Efan Yudha Winata Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Dimas Teguh Prasetyo Universitas Teknologi SUmbawa
  • Pratiwi Sakti Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Fitra Hasri Rosandi Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31105/jpks.v19i3.2125

Keywords:

perbandingan, perbedaan gender, kebahagiaan, menikah, single

Abstract

Status pernikahan dan perbedaan gender sering dikaitkan dengan kebahagiaan. Penelitian psikologi diharapkan dapat menjadi jawaban atas perdebatan terkait kebahagiaan, perbedaan gender, dan status pernikahan. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan gender dan status pernikahan seseorang dengan kebahagiaan. Sebuah pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei dilakukan pada 201 sivitas akademika di Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Hasil analisis korelasi menunjukan bahwa gender tidak menjadi variabel yang berhubungan dengan kebahagiaan. Jenis pekerjaan berkaitan secara signifikan dengan kebahagiaan seseorang (r = 0,15; p < 0,05), status pernikahan secara positif berkorelasi dengan kebahagiaan (r = 0,21; p < 0,01). Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa perbedaan gender secara statistik tidak signifikan memengaruhi kebahagiaan dengan F(1, 197) = 0,28; p = 0,60, tetapi status pernikahan memprediksi kebahagiaan dengan F(1, 197) = 8,45; p = 0,00, yang mana kebahagiaan pada orang yang belum menikah (4,26 ± 0,78) secara signifikan lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan yang telah menikah (4,87 ± 0,78) dengan (t19,09 = -3,07; p = 0,01). Selain itu, tidak terdapat signifikansi interaksi antara perbedaan gender dan status pernikahan pada kebahagiaan dengan F(1, 197) = 0,58; p = 0,45. Seseorang yang telah menikah memiliki kecenderungan kebahagiaan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan seseorang yang belum menikah. Hasil studi ini tidak dapat menjadi rujukan utama dan informasi yang berisi mekanisme sebab-akibat. Studi selanjutnya memerlukan keterlibatan dan dinamika faktor psikologis lain sebagai variabel yang dapat memprediksi status pernikahan dan kebahagiaan seseorang. 

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Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Darmayanti, K. K. H., Insan, I., Winata, E. Y., Prasetyo, D. T., Sakti, P., & Rosandi, F. H. (2020). Perbandingaan Kebahagiaan Berdasarkan pada Perbedaan Gender dan Status Pernikahan. Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial, 19(3). https://doi.org/10.31105/jpks.v19i3.2125