Hubungan antara Parenting Self-Efficacy dan Dukungan Sosial pada Ibu yang Mengalami Kekerasan Seksual di Masa Kanak-kanak Madya


Abstrak: Kekerasan seksual yang pernah dialami ibu pada masa kanak-kanak dapat berdampak negatif pada kehidupannya, terutama dalam menjalankan peran pengasuhan anak. Individu yang mengalami kekerasan seksual umumnya merasa kurang aman dan kurang mampu dalam mengendalikan lingkungannya.  Pada ibu, dampak psikologis ini berkaitan dengan keyakinan bahwa ia dapat memberikan pengasuhan yang baik untuk anak-anaknya, yang disebut dengan parenting self-efficacy. Dukungan sosial dibutuhkan untuk mengurangi dampak negatif dari pengalaman masa lalu tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk meneliti hubungan antara parenting self-efficacy dan dukungan sosial pada para ibu yang mengalami kekerasan seksual saat masa kanak-kanak. Penelitian ini menggunakan 36 pertanyaan Self-Efficacy for Parenting Tasks Index dan 40 pertanyaan Interpersonal Support Evaluation List untuk menguji korelasi antarkedua hal tersebut. Hasil tes korelasi menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan antara parenting self-efficacy dan dukungan sosial pada para ibu yang mengalami kekerasan seksual pada masa kanak-kanak (r=0.709; p=0.000, L.o.S 0.01). Hasil menunjukkan bahwa para ibu yang mengalami kekerasan seksual masa kanak-kanak membutuhkan dukungan sosial berkelanjutan untuk dapat mengasuh anak-anaknya dengan parenting self-efficacy yang tinggi. Oleh karena itu, dukungan sosial bagi para ibu, penyintas kekerasan seksual, sangat penting karena berdampak pada masa depan penyintas tersebut dan juga individu lain yang dipengaruhi oleh penyintas tersebut. Kata kunci: ibu, parenting self-efficacy, kekerasan seksual masa kanak-kanak, dukungan sosial


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